Management of Concentrate from Desalination Plants by Nikolay Voutchkov
By: Nikolay Voutchkov; Gisela Kaiser
Publisher: Elsevier (S&T)
Print ISBN: 9780128180457, 0128180455
eText ISBN: 9780128180464, 0128180463
Copyright year: 2020
Management of Concentrate from Desalination Plants provides an overview of the alternatives for managing concentrate generated by brackish water and seawater desalination plants, as well as site-specific factors involved in the selection of the most viable alternative for a given project, and the environmental permitting requirements and studies associated with their implementation. The book focuses on widely used alternatives for disposal of concentrate, including discharge to surface water bodies; disposal to the wastewater collection system; deep well injection; land application; evaporation; and zero liquid discharge.
Direct discharge through new outfall; discharge through existing wastewater treatment plant outfall; and co-disposal with the cooling water of existing coastal power plant are thoroughly described, and design guidance for the use of these concentrate disposal alternatives is presented with engineers and practitioners in the field of desalination in mind. Key advantages, disadvantages, environmental impact issues, and possible solutions are presented for each discharge alternative. Easy-to-use graphs depicting construction costs as a function of concentrate flow rate are provided for all key concentrate management alternatives.
Gives a critical overview of the latest practices and technological advancements in managing concentrate
Discusses the relationship between concentrate quality and quantity and other desalination processes
Provides design and cost guidance information to assist practitioners with the selection and sizing of the most commonly practiced concentrate disposal alternatives
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